Sunday, May 24, 2020
Roman and Greek Gods It has been known that the Romans and the Greeks have had many interactions with each other, whether it would be due to trading or just plain traveling, the stories of their myths have crossed each other in one way or another. This is may be the reason why there are many similarities between Greek and Roman Mythology. Even though a Greek god or goddess may have a different name in Roman Mythology they still performed similar tasks and were worshiped for similar reasons. I will compare and contrast Greek gods with their Roman equivalences to see how similar they truly are to each other. Probably the most famous Greek god, Zeus, was the god of all gods. Born to Cronus and Rhea, he was the ruler of the sky, and hadÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦From the sources I have read about Juno, she seems more like a goddess that always helped the humans. Humans would offer her sacrifices so that she could help them with marriage, birth, protection, or finances. Hera seems too engulfed in her husb andÃ¢â¬â¢s affairs rather than helping humans that would praise her. Ares, the child of Zeus and Hera, was the god of war. He was usually seen or portrayed to be fully armed and ready for battle and very eager fight or go to war. Although he was never married, he had many children with several goddesses and mortal women. Almost all of his children by mortal women were of a violent nature. Mars on the other hand, was the Roman god of agriculture and war. He was thought to be the second most important god after Jupiter. He was in charge of military activities and farming. It was believed that the month March was named after Mars, and was also the first month of the Roman calendar. March was considered to be the month when agriculture was high and when most people engaged in war. Ares seems to be a very angry and active god as opposed to Mars that seems to be calmer. Ares is always prepared for battle and is always looking for a reason, like an instigator where Mars looks over the ag riculture and the military to make sure that they are able to defend Rome, like a defender. Even though Mars was also the god of war, it would seem that he would rather prevent warShow MoreRelatedGreek and Roman Gods 1375 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesheroes, gods and goddesses to explain natural events. (Leonard, Ã¢â¬Å"MythologyÃ¢â¬ ). In mythology, most stories are connected and explain another myth, (Stapleton 42). According to the article Ã¢â¬Å"Roman GodsÃ¢â¬ , the twelve greatest gods and goddess of Rome were parallel to the twelve Olympian gods in Greek Mythology. Many of the Roman gods were believed to have been involved in founding Rome (Ã¢â¬Å"Roman godsÃ¢â¬ ). The Greek god, Zeus was King and father of all the gods and the sky (Ã¢â¬Å"Principal Greek and Roman GodsÃ¢â¬ ). Read MoreThe Similarities Of The Greek Gods And The Roman Gods718 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Did you know that the Greek gods and the Roman gods are quite similar. The purpose of Mythology was to help explain everyday things like weather, death, love, etc. With Mythology there had to be gods that ruled and controlled those events. The Greeks developed their gods that were said to live on Mt. Olympus. The Romans also developed gods, whose name has have been incorporated into a lot of things, such as the names of the planets. Although the Romans developed gods, they took a significant amountRead MoreRoman And Greek War Gods1292 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesRoman and Greek War Gods It is a common misconception that Roman and Greek mythology is the same thing, but with different names. This starts in the origin of Roman mythology. When the Romans took over the Greeks they allowed them to keep their beliefs and customs. These beliefs spread to the Romans that lived nearby. When the Romans learned about these gods, they became the main gods of Rome with different names and personalities. (Ancient Civilizations through the Renaissance, p.332) However,Read MoreThe Gods Of Greek And Roman Mythology1006 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMany say that the gods of Greek and Roman mythology find their origin to the days of Noah Ã¢â¬â and I would argue Ã¢â¬â the time of the Canaanites some 3500 plus years ago. In these stories, we find all sorts of beings that are part human and part divine (gods). Is it just one more coincidence that The Bible teaches that The Antichrist will head up a ten-nation kingdom made up from the old Roman Empire? That The Antichrist himself will even tually become part human and part angel when Satan comes into himRead MoreThe Gods Of Greek And Roman Mythology Essay1940 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages However, the involvement of the gods goes much farther than just what is described in Choephori and Eumenides. From the events of the Trojan War, to the system of honor that demands that Orestes avenge his father, the gods were the directors of all of the action. The gods of Greek and Roman mythology are portrayed in very human terms. They are fallible, temperamental, and equally prone to anger or happiness toward their human subjects. In these myths, the gods are constantly interacting with theirRead MoreDifferences and Similarities of Greek and Roman Gods1714 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Mythological gods are a subject that has fascinated many for centuries. Some of the more popular gods are the Greek gods and t he Roman gods. On many occasions people have confused the gods of these two ancient civilizations. For instance when a person thinks of the goddess of love they may think of Venus or Aphrodite and think that they are one and the same. They are not though, Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love and Venus her Roman counter part. When thinking of the God of Love, CupidRead MoreSimilarities and Differences between Greek and Roman Gods1010 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswondered where things in our everyday lives get their names from? Well the an swer could be from Greek or Roman gods. So many things are indeed named after the gods. Like the car company Mercury or the shoe company Nike. There are many gods in both mythologies but this essay will talk about 12 of them, six gods from Greek mythology and six gods from Roman mythology. Each god will have their own corresponding god from the other mythology. Although they might be from different mythologies in essence theyRead MoreComparing Roman And Greek Mythology1354 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Roman Vs. Greek Mythology Roman and Greek mythology are full of complexities. Much of Greek and Roman everyday life revolved around these myths. Many similarities are obvious between Roman and Greek mythology because the Romans borrowed a significant amount of their myths and gods from the Greeks. Although Roman and Greek mythology have a few components in common, they also have many various aspects that cause differences in their cultures. First of all; values, morals, traditionsRead MoreGreek And Roman Mythology881 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGreek and Roman Mythology Since the dawn of time, different societies have worshiped gods, believing in their power and being afraid of their fury. People have prayed and made sacrifices in order to achieve the gods mercy and generosity. They believed that, if the gods are in good mood, they will provide people with good weather conditions for growing crops. People needed explanations for different natural phenomena, such as rain, drought, lightning, thunder and earthquake. So, ancient people believedRead MoreGreek and Roman Culture Essay examples1240 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGreek and Roman culture, although similar, are very different and interesting. Since the Romans adopted culture from the Greeks, many traditions are the same. When the Romans conquered the Hellenistic cities, they became fascinated with the idea of a Greek style of doing things. All things Greek were now considered popular. This is how much of the Greek way of life made its way into the Roman society. The first part of culture that the Romans adopted was the Greek art. Scores of Greek paintings
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Steroids in Sports Today The United State is a country that thrives on competition. We idolize our sports stars and practically make major athletic events holidays. Children grow up with their favorite athletes plastered to the wall of their bedrooms and dream that one day they will be the next Barry Bonds, Shaqullie ONeal, or Tom Brady. Professional athletes train year-round to be in ideal psychical shape in order to perform their best. But what happens when their best just isnt good enough? We expect our sports stars to be perfect, upstanding citizens and role models but this isnt always the case. The recent exposure of athletes using steroids has exploded into a phenomenon involving athletes all around the world. It hasÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Even though there are so many known risks that go along with steroids, why do more and more athletes seem to be ?roiding up Many athletes feel like they have to take steroids to keep up with everyone else and be competitive. ?If you don?t, you weren?t as strong as everyone else, you weren?t as fast as everybody else,? stated Jim Haslett in an interview with Sam Farmer of the LA Times. Haslett, now coach of the New Orleans Saints and former linebacker for the Buffalo Bills, goes on to say, ?That?s the only reason to do it. Everybody?s looking for that competitive edge? (Farmer 1). Aside from professional sports, many high school and college athletes feel the pressure to take steroids to gain an edge. They feel like they won?t be able to perform at the next level without steroids. All many young athlete have to do is look at today?s sports stars to see the size, strength, and speed it takes to be a successful professional athlete. Unfortunately, most of the athletes that the young people are looking at have taken or are currently taking steroids. It is then only rational for kids to think that if they are going to be the best, they need steroids too. Only the best of the best in professional sports get the biggest contract, the top agent, the covers of the magazines, and, seemingly above all, the priciest paycheck. Many athletes feel like they can only lift so much and run so hard until they can?t get anyShow MoreRelatedSteroid Use Of Sports On Sports1237 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMrs. Gallos English 3H 2 May 2016 Steroid use in Sports Steroid use in sports has became a large factor of impact in the sports world today. Everyone has their own opinion on it. They either enjoy watching athletes be ridiculously good at their sport, and they find it entertaining, or they like to see athletes play by the rules. Steroid use is a big part of most sports, mostly baseball. Most records held by the greatest of baseball players used steroids. Steroid usage has many negative effects. EvenRead MoreThe Increasing Epidemic of Steroids621 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Steroids As the popularity of sports continues to increase in society, so has the use of performance enhancing drugs, primarily anabolic steroids. Anabolic steroids increase the amount of testosterone in the body which allows for increased muscular development. These drugs have been known to be used in all kinds of different sports. Athletes will use these drugs to try to please fans, receive a large contract, and to try to keep up with the players who are already using these drugs. This is creatingRead MoreDrugs Should Be Banned For Professional Sports1211 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDrug Use In Sports Ninety-eight percent of professional athletes say that they would take performance enhancing drugs if they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have a chance of getting caught. Performance enhancing drugs, or PEDs, or steroids, have been around since 776 BC when the Greeks would use them to improve their performance in the Olympic Games. During World War II, the Germans, including Hitler, would take steroids to make themselves stronger and more aggressive. The Americans, British, and Japanese also began toRead MoreAthletes and Steroids Essay1014 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesincrease his strength. A few years later, after continued use of steroids, his life started to spiral out of control. He was feeling very depressed, struggling academically, and had become very aggressive. That bright, young man with aspirations to play major league baseball ended up taking his own life with a fatal gunshot on October 1, 2002. Ultimately, Rob Garibaldi killed himself but steroids could easily be deemed his accomplice. Steroids have only recently been heavily scrutinized but in actualityRead MoreThe Pros And Cons Of Steroids In Sports951 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSteroids in sports has been one of the biggest controversial topics since 1904 when Olympic marathon runner, Thomas Hicks, used a mixture of brandy and strychnine and nearly died. However, the use of PEDÃ¢â¬â¢s (performance enhancing drugs) dates all the back to 776 BC with the Ancient Greek athletes. In sports todays the question is whether or not these types of drugs should be banned from competition. In sports today it is all about entertaining the common people. Americans tune in every night to watchRead More Steroids and Sports Essay1324 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSteroids and Sports Steroids, ever since their introduction into the sports world five decades ago, they have been a controversial issue (WebMD medical news). Anabolic performance dates as far back as the original Olympic Games. Today walking into any gym you will find some one who is using steroids or some kind of enhancement supplement. Anabolic steroids are so popular with athletes from high School level all the way up to the top. For the past fifty years, athletes around the world use steroidsRead More The Use of Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sports Essay1148 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEnhancing Drugs in Sports Is the use of performance-enhancing drugs in sports dangerous? To what degree do these drugs really enhance strength, size, training ability, and muscular performance? Not only are the answers to these questions still unclear, they are the subjects of deep controversy. In order to understand why we are confronted with the problem of performance-enhancing drug use in athletics today, we must look at the history of the development of anabolic steroids: a group of powerfulRead MoreThe Ethics of Steroid Use in the Olympics Essay examples904 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe desire to compete Ã¢â¬â and win Ã¢â¬â is as old as history itself. From the beginnings of sport, athletes have sought out foods and potions to turn their bodies into winning machines. As early as 776 BCE, the very first Olympic games, there are records of attempts to increase testosterone levels (Ã¢â¬Å"Steroid Abuse in SportsÃ¢â¬ ). Ancient Greek wrestlers ate vast amounts of meat to gain muscle mass, and Norse Ã¢â¬Å"BerserkerÃ¢â¬ warriors took hallucinogenic mushrooms before battle. The first competitive athletes toRead MoreWhy Performance Enhancement Drugs Use Essay1142 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhy are performance enhancement drugs use in professional sports? The use of steroid s has been a major problem among sports and has caused lots of controversy. Although these professional sports organizations such as the NFL, NHL, NBA and several others have spent time and money investigating athletes for uses of performance enhancement drugs, nothing has been done to erase records or record breaking statistics. In order to cease steroid and other performance enhancement drug users from cheatingRead MoreAthletes Should Use Performance Enhancing Drugs941 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageson any team of your choosing? Therefore, this is one of the reasons why I think steroids should be able to be used for anything of the professional athletes choosing.. Due to the amount of people using performance enhancing drugs in pro sports today, most people when they hear Ã¢â¬Å"SteroidsÃ¢â¬ they think of huge men or women with big bulging muscles. Steroids have been used throughout sports in every way in almost every sport. I think that the professional athletes that use performance en hancing drugs should
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Introduction There has been much research into both online and traditional education that includes instructional methods and program design. In order for a learner to decide how they want to learn, we must evaluate the choice from their perspective. This paper examines both traditional and the various forms of online education from that perspective. It also considers the pros and cons of each form of education. Further, because educators now have a plethora of technological tools to assist them with course design and instruction, the discussion continues about how these tools can both obviate the negative aspects of online education. Traditional Learning from the LearnerÃ¢â¬â¢s Perspective Learning in a traditional, face to faceÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦At one time, this may have been true, but it should be noted that the percentage of companies who regard both degrees as equal is on the rise (Online Degrees, n.d.). Online Learning from the LearnerÃ¢â¬â¢s Perspective Online learning can take many forms. It can take the form of traditional programs in regular classrooms that may incorporate the use of online technologies as part of the instruction, while still incorporating face to face interaction among students and their instructors. It can also be blended learning, where the instruction is not entirely traditional and combines one or more modalities to distribute learning material (Harriman, 2011). The ratio of blended to traditional content can vary from program to program. Online learning is used to deliver materials through an internet connection. It usually stands alone, and can be conducted on site at a traditional institution, or off site at a learnerÃ¢â¬â¢s home or workplace. It can be done synchronously, with live instruction, or asynchronously, where the learner, their classmates and facilitators do not necessarily need to be online at the same time. From a learnerÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective, this type of arrangement works because it can be highly interactive, and can take place at a time that is convenient. It can also take advantages of all that the internet has to offer, including an almost limitless availability of information, learning tools and research material (Harriman,Show MoreRelatedTechnology Is The World Of Online Education1026 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesworld of online education continues to evolve, schools are incorporating digital learning into their classrooms. Through diversifying learning and opening communication technology has be come the most unique way to develop the comprehension the schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s desire. Student learning and the outcome of the technology generation has become a common development and looks as though it is here to stay. This paper discusses the pros for technology as the gateway to education, such as: diversity technology givesRead MoreTraditional Education And Online Education926 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBatter, Online or Traditional Education Imagine that someone studies and has a neighbor in the same age. They study in together until high school. Someone continues to go to university but his neighbor decides to stay at home. They finally graduate and discover that his neighbor also graduate. Here will be there a lot of the questions beginning revolve in his head. How does his neighbor graduate and not go to school? The answer is an easy. His neighbor benefited from technology in education. This isRead MoreOnline Classes Are Rapidly Becoming A More Popular And Accepted Option Among Students1493 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOnline classes are rapidly becoming a more popular and accepted option among many students. An online course is a course where all or most course material is delivered online and there is little to no face-to-face contact with the instructor or other students in the class. Although online classes have been around for quite a long while, they have only recently become more popular among students. According to one article on the topic of online education, Ã¢â¬Å"6.7 million students enrolled in at leastRead MoreTechnology: Its Effect on Education Essay1087 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEducation is Ã¢â¬Å"The act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature lifeÃ¢â¬ (Education). Technology comes in many forms including the Internet. It can be used in many different ways, one being educational purposes. Throughout history, technology has had an effect on Education; examples of this are the Internet, online courses, the use of technology in class, and with theseRead MoreHigher Education Is Feeling The Financial Pinch1125 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHigher education is feeling the financial pinch. Public higher education programs have seen a decrease in government funding. Adding to the burden, is financial pressure to keep tuition rates down as well as aging brick-and-mort ar facilities, as well as career fields and technology evolving rapidly. According to Jeff Dennen (as cited by Selingo, 2013) Ã¢â¬Å"Expenses are growing at such a pace that colleges donÃ¢â¬â¢t have the cash or the revenue to cover them for much longerÃ¢â¬ . Higher tuition rates for outRead MoreUsing Technology to Increase Academic Success1277 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHow Using Technology Can Increase Academic Success Distance education has become one of the more prominent forms of study due to the ever-changing technology offered to this modern era of students; Technology has thoroughly improved academic success. Distance education has a glorious history that can be traced back to its roots in the early 1840Ã¢â¬â¢s. Ã¢â¬Å"It was Sir Issac Pitman, the English inventor of shorthand, who in 1840 devised his concept to offer education courses by mail, who, in a historicalRead MoreOnline Education : Explanatory Essay764 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesOnline Education: Explanatory Essay Every year and every decade colleges change. Courses and requirements all change over the years. One thing that has changed over the years is online education. Online education was not always a part of colleges and courses but over time it has developed and has become part of the current college education. But what is online education? The article Ã¢â¬Å"Online Education. Opposing Viewpoints Online CollectionÃ¢â¬ said it best. Ã¢â¬Å"Online education, also called distance learningRead MoreOnline Learning Vs. Traditional Classroom1586 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHigher education has become an important commodity in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. We are told as children that college is the only way to obtain a good job and secure our future. Once a student has decided to pursue. The traditional learning experience is sold as we tour campuses. This is the way higher education has been completed since its inception. Society has evolved and so has the ways to obtain higher learning. Students now h ave the option to complete their learning online, as well as, the traditionalRead MoreActual Classroom vs. Virtual Classroom1751 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesperhaps algorithmic increase of the presence and use of technology in daily life on the microcosmic and macrocosmic levels. An intersection between these two aspects of life is the subject of this paper. The debate over online education versus traditional classroom education used to be a joke. Twenty years ago, even as much as ten years ago, most people who argued for the validity and credibility of online education relative to traditional education were not taken seriously, ridiculed, and mocked. WithinRead MoreImpact Of Technology On Education1404 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWith the great advances in technology, one can accomplish many great feats, be it Virtual Reality, a backpack desktop computer and even smart watches. However, technology has influenced many other parts of our world including education. How has technology influenced e ducation? How do the pupils receive an education? How does technology play a viable role in this process? I will specifically be focusing on how education in South Africa is affected by technology. Technology has played a valuable role
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Mars And Venus United By Love by Paolo Veronese Essay Mars and Venus United by Love by Paolo Veronese is done in the Renaissance style of painting. This is done in this style, because Poalo Veroneses was a Renaissance painter as well as his teacher Titan. The painting takes place in Rome in the Mythological Era. It is not known who commissioned this work. Emperor Rudolf II in Prague owned this piece of artwork as well as four others of Veroneses paintings. Mars is the God of war; and Venus is the Goddess of love.These are the Roman names for the Greek Gods; which in Greek Venus was called Aphrodite and Mars was actually called Aries. The theme of this painting has to do with Roman mythology. Cupid is tying Mars and Venus together. There are many different explanations that people have came up with to explain this painting. There is always that tie between love and war, even the saying make love not war. The most common translation would be Metropolitan Museum of Art, pg.185 The painting clearly shows Mars and Venus being tied together by a cupid. So I can see why this is the most popular translation of this painting. My personal response was really strong after seeing the painting for the first time. As soon as I saw this painting I knew that it had a deeper meaning to it; and not just some people being tied together by a cupid. I knew right away that it had to do with Roman mythology just from the names. After looking at this painting for a while there is still something that the artist is trying to portray, that is really tough. It feels like there is more going on than what seems. The painting has such a calm tone to it but it gives a little hint of roughness with the sword and the horse, which I think, helps to balance this painting. There is sort of sneakiness to this painting being that it is sort of hidden behind this wall, and that the column of the centaur seems to be looking down at them with a grin on his face. There is one question that I still havent figured out, and would like to know. That is what is going on behind the actual painting, During that time in mythology? What was going on to cause this unification of Mars and Venus?
Sunday, April 5, 2020
The type of Metal I listen to is reflected by my mood and what I am doing at the time. I find it exhilarating and enjoyable to listen to whilst doing everyday activities. ND it speeds up my pace. The music I listen would also reflect the way I dress and the kind of people I look for to befriend and hang out with. I feel more relaxed around the people whose taste in music is similar to my own. Modern Pop music, however, is not for me. I find it lacks melody and rhythm and Is very repetitive. I cannot stand It when the voice of the singer Is pitched or deepened artificially to Ivory better with the music, which Itself Is mainly computerized.This way, when the songs Is finished and edited, the slinger voice (mostly) Is used merely s a template to build up on and add effects to and comes out sounding almost nothing like the singers original voice (when heard live). We will write a custom essay sample on Addressing Different Perspectives: Metal vs. Pop Music or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page At least a singer in Metal would change the tone of their voice naturally, and to do so they require lots of practice and talent. I also admire the lyrics that go with metal music. Mostly, the lyrics used in Metal or Heavy Metal songs have a deep meaning or many meanings that would usually tell about past experiences of the lyricist and how they deal with that experience on an emotional level.In Metal, the music adds to the drama and rigorousness to the story being told by the lyrics. This story Is usually cryptic, and requires a lot of thought to unravel and understand. Ones understanding of the lyrics will sometimes also depend on their past experiences, and whether they have experienced something similar to whatever the lyrics of the song are telling about. The lyrics In pop music are much different, and usually, much less effort Is put Into them. Even if they are telling a story, the story is often not explained well at all in the rush to quickly get to the catchy chorus (which is usually repeated many times in cost songs).Thus, much less talent is required to write lyrics for a pop song. Unlike in metal music, where the lyrics are usually written by a member of the band or someone with deep involvement in the band, in pop music, they are many times written by a hired lyricist or composer and the singer is then only tasked to sing the song (which is then edited) and with minimal effort finishes a recording session, whilst a Metal band would spend hours practi cing, recording and editing their songs. An example of these comparisons would be: Metallic Brittle Spears Perspective Two: Perspective of a Pop fan. I would find myself listening to mostly Pop music, whose type is also reflected by my catchy and Joyous, with a good beat whilst working at home or Jogging. But then, En Im trying to fall asleep, or relaxing with a book, I would listen to something more peaceful with a calm melody and a slow beat, so that it relaxes me. I agree that some Pop artists such as Brittle Spears (who are really Just given the lyrics to sing, and have their voices completely edited once the song is recorded) are a bit over the pop and dumb, but even then they manage to deliver catchy tunes.There exists, however, a few Pop artists who produce truly beautiful high quality music, without the need of computerized editing or auto-tune as they call it. One such artist would, for example, is Adele. She truly puts her soul and emotion into the lyrics she writes. These lyrics also have a deep meaning and reflect on the lyricist past experiences, Introit the need of being cryptic. While producing songs with a catchy melody, some of her songs truly deserve to be amongst the endless classics of the asss and asss,Inch are still being played daily by many successful Radio Stations. I believe that the lyrics for Metal music do not do their Job well, when it comes to having a deep meaning and making you think about it since you can barely understand what the singer is saying, due to all the shouting and playing with the sounds of certain words. En I listen to most Metal songs, I am filled with an aggressive and negative energy Inch does not go well with my life style. I am immediately in a bad mood and feel my heart beating faster, and that is a feeling that I do not like.
Sunday, March 8, 2020
The Bargeboard Look of Victorian Wood Trim Bargeboard is exterior house trim, usually ornately carved, that is attached along the roof line of a gable. Originally, this Victorian wood trim - also called vergeboard or verge board (verge being the end or edge of a thing) - Ã was used to hide the ends of rafters. It hangs from the projecting end of a gable roof. Bargeboards are often elaborately hand-crafted and found on homes in the Carpenter Gothic style and what is commonly known as the Gingerbread cottage. Bargeboards are also sometimes called gableboards and can attach to barge rafters, barge couples, fly rafters, and gable rafters. It is sometimes spelled as two words - barge board. It was commonly used throughout a growing and prosperous America in the late 1800s. Examples of bargeboard can be found on the Helen Hall House in West Dundee, Illinois (c. 1860, remodeled c. 1890) and a typical Victorian-era residence in Hudson, New York. Used as ornamentation, bargeboard must be maintained and replaced to keep the Victorian-era look on todays historic dwellings. Definitions of Bargeboard A board which hangs from the projecting end of a roof, covering the gables; often elaborately carved and ornamented in the Middle Ages.- Dictionary of Architecture and Construction Projecting boards placed against the incline of the gable of a building and hiding the ends of the horizontal roof timbers; sometimes decorated. - The Penguin Dictionary of Architecture In older homes, bargeboards may have already disintegrated, fallen off, and never replaced. The 21st century homeowner might consider adding this detail to restore a historic look to a neglected gable. Look at he many books that illustrate historic designs, and either make it yourself or contract out the job. Dover publishes several books including 200 Victorian Fretwork Designs: Borders, Panels, Medallions and Other Patterns (2006) and Roberts Illustrated Millwork Catalog: A Sourcebook of Turn-of-the-Century Architectural Woodwork (1988). Look for books that specialize in Victorian designs and house trim, especially for Victorian Gingerbread details. Why is it called barge board? So, what is a barge? Although barge can mean a type of boat, this barge comes from the Middle English word berge, meaning a sloping roof. In roof construction, a barge couple or barge rafter is the end rafter; a barge spike is a long spike used in timber construction; and a barge stone is the projecting stone when a gable is built of masonry. Bargeboard is always placed up near the roof, on the piece of roof that overhangs to form a gable. In revivals of Tudor and Gothic style architecture, the pitch of the roof can be very steep. Originally the end rafters - the barge rafters - would extend beyond the wall. These rafter ends could be hidden from view by attaching a bargeboard. The house could achieve greater decoration if the bargeboard was intricately carved. It was a functional architectural detail that has become purely ornamental and character defining. Maintenance of Victorian Wood Trim You can remove rotten bargeboard from a house without harming the structural integrity of the roof. The bargeboard is ornamental and is not necessary. However, you will change the appearance - even the character - of your home if you remove the bargeboard and do not replace it. Changing the style of a home is often not desirable. You do not have to replace rotted bargeboard with the same style if you dont want to, but youll have to check if youre in a historic district. Your local historic commission will want to see what youre doing and will often have good advice and sometimes even historic photos. You also can buy bargeboards. Today its sometimes called running trim or gable trim. Should I buy plastic bargeboard made of PVC so it wont rot? Well, you could, if your house is not in a historic district. However, because bargeboard is an architectural detail found on houses of certain historic eras, would you really want to use plastic? Youre right that PVC may last longer than wood and this trim area does have the potential for a lot of moisture runoff. But vinyl or aluminum that is sold as virtually no maintenance does require cleaning and repair, and its likely to age differently (for example, the color) than the other materials on your house. Mixing wood or masonry with plastic may make your house look a bit artificial. Bargeboard is a decorative detail that gives a house character. Think hard about detracting from the natural character of your home by using a synthetic material. Can I make my own bargeboard? Yes, you can! Buy a book of historical designs and experiment with different patterns and widths. Remember, though, that bargeboard will be easier to paint before you attach it to high places. You might even engage the local public school shop teacher to make your project into a student project. Ensure the proper permissions (e.g., historic commission, building code) before going ahead with any project that changes the look of your house. And remember - if it looks awful, you can always remove it and begin again. Sources Photo of Cape Cod Gingerbread Cottage by KenWiedemann/Getty ImagesPhoto of Helen Hall house by Teemu008 on flickr.com, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 GenericPhoto of Hudson, NY house by Barry Winiker/Photolibrary/Getty ImagesDictionary of Architecture and Construction, Cyril M. Harris, ed., McGraw-Hill, 1975, p. 40The Penguin Dictionary of Architecture, 1980, p. 28
Friday, February 21, 2020
Article analysis - Essay Example These are the United KingdomÃ¢â¬â¢s power declined in the 19th century following the two major world wars. France power declined and the late 17th century. The adversaries of these two prominent nations exploited the tectonic monetary changes to adopt military and organizational inventions to enhance their rise and merged alliances to monitor domination. Layne predicts that America will experience a similar phenomenon like what befall United Kingdom and France. According to the author, United States will experience multipolarity in the period 2000-2010. Although the subject on unipolarity was handled almost at the end of the given time period, Layne holds that United States power remains supreme. Nevertheless, he disagrees that America is in some way immune to realistsÃ¢â¬â¢ views, eventually concluding that Washington ought to espouse to a constrained Ã¢â¬Å"off-shore balancingÃ¢â¬ policy instead of wasting its might trying to control the globe. Review Realist view of interna tional relations sees global politics and interactions as being propelled by individual interests of countries. This view perceives nations struggle for supremacy in order to enhance and preserve their economic and military wellbeing in rivalry with other nations. This view was portrayed by AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s invasion of Iraq in 2003, which criticÃ¢â¬â¢s of Layne agree with. America used its military might to uphold the realistsÃ¢â¬â¢ view. However, questions arise as to whether IraqÃ¢â¬â¢s incursion by United States made sense. In the Washington post, Ignatius (2013) holds that invading Iraq in a bid to topple the then IraqiÃ¢â¬â¢s president Saddam Hussein was one of the biggest policy mistake in the contemporary American history. Such decision by America saw an increase in international actors condemning its act marking the emergence of criticism against AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s misuse of its global power. In addition, United States invaded Afghanistan after the September 11 attack, though the rivalry seems to date back in 1979 during the cold war era. As the era of the cold war came to an end, some scholars and analysts saw the emergence of modern cold war era by the United States. The actions of United States make it appear more like an heir of the cold war. The United States emerged as the global power among the preeminent participants of the cold war. However, the country needed to show and exercise worldwide leadership in order to uphold and preserve its standing as the global leader and superpower. These incursions are criticized as they go against the United Nations charter. The open criticism of United States action is a clear sign that AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s unipolar moment is indeed coming to an end as Layne asserts. In the recent past, actions of United States and other world players perfectly present the fulfillment of LayneÃ¢â¬â¢s assertion that great powers are starting to rival America through hard and soft balancing of power. Technological, economi c, and political actions of other world powers just reinforces LayneÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view that unipolar moment of the United States is ending soon. For illustration, China is emerging as a United States rival in economic might. During the global recession that hit America hard, ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s economy was expanding. India and China economies have recently been distinguished as the main global powers countering United States. Seib, (2012) in his opinion in the New